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Pompae is a singular sound rhythm with the indifference in length and harmony. It can be divided into Anchaebi, Bakkatchaebi, and Hwacheong. Anchaebi forms a genuine buddhist ceremony, and consists of Yuchiseong[chant hymn of reasoning, prior to the earnest request of the respectable teachers's appearance], Chak-uiseong[chant hymn of comment on the description of Buddha's words and His behavior], Pyeon-gaeseong[chant hymn of praise to the virtue and doctrine of Buddha], Gaetagseong[chant hymn of commence of wooden gong]. There are Hotsori[narrations with forms of 7 syllables 4 phrases or 5 syllables 4 phrases sung by solo or chorus in medium length tones] and Jitsori[lyrics written in prose or in Sanskrit and sung by chorus with long length tones] in Bakkatchaebi. In general Pompae indicates Hotsori. Beom-eum is another name of Jitsori. And Hwacheong is sung with the genuine Han-geul[Korean characters]. Formalities of common buddhist ceremonies are divided into Sangjukwon-gongjae[name of memorial service], Siwanggakbaejae[name of memorial service], Saengjeonyesujae [name of memorial service], and Yeongsanjae[name of memorial service] according to the size of services for the deceased. The sound of Anchaebi is used at the simple services and Sisik [to set up offerings in front of Buddha and to recite a Sutra for the deceased parents or the poor souls], and at the rest of services like Yeongsanjae all of Anchaebi, Bakkatchaebi and Hwacheong are used.

The sound of Bakkatchaebi

Bakkatchaebi is consisted of Hotsori and Jitsori, and is normally sung by monks who learned songs like Sangjukwon-gong, Gakbae and Yeongsan professionally. The narrations in Hotsori are constructed into 7 syllables 4 phrases or 5 syllables 4 phrases, and normally written in forms of prose with Chinese writings or Jin-eon[dharani] in Sanskrit. Jitsori has forms of simple lyrics and its playing time lasts for 30 minutes to one hour in general. Thus, it is sung by the professionally trained monks, so called Eojang. Eojang must be capable of not only singing all tunes freely but also understanding overall procedures of ceremony and its theory. Thus, Eojang means the masters who finished the courses of Malgang, Junggang, and Sanggang in order. There were 72 songs of Jitsori. However, only 15 songs presently remain.

Hotsori as an accompaniment for Jakbeopmu
[buddhist dance]
Halhyanggeseong Insung Doryangge
Gaegeseong Georyeongsan Dage
Gayoungseoung Gwanyokge Unsimge
Songjaseong Mok-yogjin-eon Hyanghwage
Soseong Danjeongrye Moranchan
Changheunseong Borye Ogongyang
Won-ageseong Sikyeongsan Samggwiui
Changbulseong Dugeop Changheun
Samryesabuchungseong Okwan-ge Jiokge
Yog-geon-iseong Yeongsanjisim Samnamtae
Hyangsunayeolseong Teuksagaji Guwongeopjung
Gajigeseong Geobul Jeongrye
Bogongyang Bohoehyangseong Samnamtae Jagwibul
Heonjwageseong Sammaha Daegakseokseokgajon
Bokcheongge Om-ahom Sabangyosin, guikyeongjakbeop
Deungge Other Banjitsori

The sound of Anchaebi

The lyrics of Anchaebi are mainly proses written in Chinese writing. Contrary to Bakkatchaebi, it forms with the compact series of short sounds. Usually Byeongbeop [master monk of ceremony] or Beopju[preacher monk] play its 4, 6 syllables formatted contents in solo such as Chak-eoseong with or without shaking of a bell.

Getakseong Soseong
Jebultongchung Gwan-eumsisik Gwan-yok and sisik
Yeongsangaege Geonhoeso
Mitacheong Jeonsisik   Wonbugaege Gaegeso
Yaksacheong Gubyeongsisik   Sangbugaege
Mireukcheong Hwaeomsisik     Samboso
Gwan-eumcheong       Sandanso
Jijangcheong       Siwangso
Nahancheong       Sajaso
Chilseongcheong       Haengcheongso
Sinjungcheong       Cheongjangso
Sansincheong       Muljangso
Kwiwangcheong       Seongwiso
Dokseongcheong       Myeongwiso
Hyeonwangcheong       Hamhapso
Jeseokcheong       Oroso
Sacheonwangcheong       Jungwiso
Pungbaek-usacheong       Hawiso
Garamcheong       Hoehyangso
Yongwangcheong       Pungbaek-usaso
Jeongsincheong       Daeryeongso

The sound of Hwacheong

Hwacheong consists of Sandan Chukwon[Blessing] Hwacheong and Jungdan Jijang Chukwon[Blessing] Hwacheong. It is differentiated from Anchaebi and Bakkatchaebi in style. Its melody is easy for general public to understand. For example, Hoesimgok[a song which advises a kind-hearted life] which has the form of two parts, one the life story and another the post-life (after death) story. It is sung by each Pompae monk of unique voice in Korean language.

① Melody
② Sangdan Chukwon
③ Jijang Blessing Hwacheong
Chamseon-gok, Hoesimgok,
Simmyeon-ga, Chanbulga, Wangsaengga

Monghwan-ga, Kyeongchukga, Seongtan-ga, Seongdoga, Mokryeon-ga

Odoga, Gwonwangga, Yeolban-ga, Wonjeokga, Wol-inga

Gwonmyeon-ga, agagaeum,